TRAFFIC part 13a, reading

Professor John McDermid of York University, England, has written about the results of the survey in the online magazine

Here’s the beginning of his article, but with some words taken out (1-10). Can you choose a suitable word to fill the gaps?

For (6) and (7) you’ll need to choose countries or regions of the world.

Self-driving cars: why we can’t expect them to be ‘moral’

John McDermid, Professor of Software Engineering, University of York

Ever since companies began developing self-driving cars, people have asked how designers will ____(1)____ the moral question of who a self-driving car should kill if a fatal crash is unavoidable. Recent research suggests this question may be even more difficult for car makers to answer than previously thought because the moral preferences people have ____(2)____ so much between countries.

The researchers, based at Harvard University and MIT, developed an online game simulating ____(3)____ where a fatal car accident was inevitable. They asked around 40m people from over 200 countries to ____(4)____ between various accident outcomes, such as killing pedestrians rather than the car’s passengers.

The results revealed three cultural clusters where there were ____(5)____ differences in what ethical preferences people had. For example, in ____(6) (where?)____, there was a strong preference for sparing women over men. ____(7) (which countries or regions?)____ had a lower preference for sparing younger people over older people.

The researchers concluded by saying that this information should ____(8)____ self-driving car developers. But is that really the case? While this paper ____(9)____ an interesting discovery about global variations in moral preferences, it also highlights a persistent misunderstanding about AI, and what it can actually do. Given the current AI technology used in self-driving cars, the idea that a vehicle could make a moral decision is actually ____(10)____.

(Taken from the full article at The Conversation

This extract of an article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license.

Click here for answers and for the next part of the lesson.

(This is part of a lesson on my main site – here’s the link).

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