TRAFFIC part 13a, reading

Professor John McDermid of York University, England, has written about the results of the survey in the online magazine https://theconversation.com.

Here’s the beginning of his article, but with some words taken out (1-10). Can you choose a suitable word to fill the gaps?

For (6) and (7) you’ll need to choose countries or regions of the world.


Self-driving cars: why we can’t expect them to be ‘moral’

John McDermid, Professor of Software Engineering, University of York

Ever since companies began developing self-driving cars, people have asked how designers will ____(1)____ the moral question of who a self-driving car should kill if a fatal crash is unavoidable. Recent research suggests this question may be even more difficult for car makers to answer than previously thought because the moral preferences people have ____(2)____ so much between countries.

The researchers, based at Harvard University and MIT, developed an online game simulating ____(3)____ where a fatal car accident was inevitable. They asked around 40m people from over 200 countries to ____(4)____ between various accident outcomes, such as killing pedestrians rather than the car’s passengers.

The results revealed three cultural clusters where there were ____(5)____ differences in what ethical preferences people had. For example, in ____(6) (where?)____, there was a strong preference for sparing women over men. ____(7) (which countries or regions?)____ had a lower preference for sparing younger people over older people.

The researchers concluded by saying that this information should ____(8)____ self-driving car developers. But is that really the case? While this paper ____(9)____ an interesting discovery about global variations in moral preferences, it also highlights a persistent misunderstanding about AI, and what it can actually do. Given the current AI technology used in self-driving cars, the idea that a vehicle could make a moral decision is actually ____(10)____.

(Taken from the full article at https://theconversation.com/self-driving-cars-why-we-cant-expect-them-to-be-moral-108299) The Conversation

This extract of an article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license.


Click here for answers and for the next part of the lesson.

(This is part of a lesson on my main site – here’s the link).

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